Das kommunikative „Vorfeld“ von Sexueller Gewalt bei „Dates“ in amerikanischen Colleges: Eine experimentelle Studie über unterschiedliche Situationswahrnehmungen bei Studentinnen und Studenten

Journal of Family Violence

April 2016, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 361-370

Interpreting Sexual Dating Encounters: Social Information Processing Differences in Men and Women

  • Carrie E. Ambrose
  • Alan M. Gross

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Research has shown that college women are at considerable risk for sexual assault by dating partners, and studies have shown early detection of threat risk cues is an important factor in rape avoidance. This study examined how men and women process sexual encounters in a date rape situation and how they differ in interpretation of cues and response decision-making using Crick and Dodge’s (1994) model of social information processing (SIP). Participants listened to an audio vignette depicting a female resisting sexual contact as the male continues to make sexual advances. The vignette was paused at a point in which there is ambiguity concerning the sexual intentions of the actors, and multiple choice/forced answer questions reflecting five stages in social information processing (causal and intent interpretation, goal clarification, response decision, response efficacy, and response evaluation) were administered. Analyses revealed males and females significantly differed in all SIP stages, and emotional reaction was a significant predictor of response decision. Implications of the findings were discussed